By Fred Singleton
There are few nations in Europe which comprise inside a space as small because the British Isles this sort of number of usual environments and cultures as Yugoslavia. This booklet offers a survey of the heritage of the South Slav peoples who got here jointly on the finish of the 1st international battle to shape the 1st Yugoslav country, and who emerged from the chaos of the second one international struggle to develop into electorate of a socialist federal republic, led through the Communist celebration lower than the management of Marshal Tito. starting in Roman occasions, the ebook lines the increase and fall of the medieval Slav principalities, the dominance of the Ottoman and Habsburg empires, the proclamation of the dominion of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, the disastrous results of the German career and the construction of a brand new socialist order less than President Tito.
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Extra info for A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples
Vlastimir enlarged his domain by marrying the daughter of the neighbouring zupan of Travunija, which gave him access to the Adriatic coast in the Kotor region. After Vlastimir's death internal quarrels and invasions by both Bulgarian and Byzantine forces seriously weakened the Serbs, but in the eleventh century a revived Serbian kingdom emerged, centred on the old Roman town of Doclea, near the present-day site of Titograd. This is known to historians both as Duklija (after Roman Doclea) and Zeta, after the river which flows between Niksic and Titograd.
Byzantine rule was followed by Serbian and then by Turkish occupation. Macedonia did not re-emerge from the shadows until the twentieth century. The memory of its brief period of medieval glory is still a source of inspiration to modern Macedonian nationalists, although their interpretation of its significance has been challenged by Bulgarian, Greek and Serbian historians. In the foregoing pages the history of five medieval South Slav states has been briefly outlined. Reference has also been made to the early history of the Slovenes, who never controlled a state of their own, apart from the brief episode of Samo, the ruler of a seventh-century Slavonic empire which includes part of modern Slovenia.
Murad II came out of retirement to inflict a severe defeat on this motley force when he confronted them at Varna. The Hungarian king was killed in the battle, and Hunyadi fled back into Hungary with the remnant of his army. In 1448 Murad's army routed Hunyadi once more, this time on the historic field of Kosovo Polje. These Turkish victories at Varna and the second battle of Kosovo sealed the fate of the Serbs and the Byzantines. Constantinople fell in 1453. In 1456 Durad Brankovic died, and his squabbling successors were pushed across the Danube when the Turks took Smederovo in 1459.
A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples by Fred Singleton