By Theodor W. Adorno
This vintage e-book by means of Theodor W. Adorno anticipates the various subject matters that experience when you consider that develop into universal in modern philosophy: the critique of foundationalism, the illusions of idealism and the tip of epistemology. It additionally foreshadows some of the key rules that have been built via Adorno in his most crucial philosophical works, together with Negative Dialectics.
Against Epistemology is predicated on a manuscript Adorno initially wrote in Oxford in 1934-37 in the course of his first years in exile and for this reason remodeled in Frankfurt in 1955-56. The textual content was once written as a critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, however the critique of phenomenology is used because the get together for a much wider critique of epistemology. Adorno defined this as a ‘metacritique’ which blends jointly the research of Husserl’s phenomenology because the such a lot complex example of the decay of bourgeois idealism with an immanent critique of the tensions and contradictions inner to Husserl’s concept. the result's a strong textual content which continues to be probably the most devastating reviews of Husserl’s paintings ever written and which heralded a number of the rules that experience develop into average in modern philosophy.
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Extra resources for Against Epistemology: A Metacritique
To do so presupposes, and does not attempt to reduce to something else, the irreducible datum of being; without insight into its irreducible character the unfolding of its marks would make no sense. 14 Rethinking Husser/'s maxim (iii) Adequate causal explanations impossible without a return to things themselves These observations already lead to the clearer recognition of a further point. If no understanding of a being in its proper self-hood is reached in the first place, it is also impossible to know what kinds of causes and origins can fully account for a given being.
Himself, in the Logical Investigations, has brilliantly refuted the mistake of the epistemological position according to which the cognitive act is some kind of 'image' of real objects, neither Nicolai Hartmann nor Husser! himself succeeded in freeing themselves completely from the misleading pattern of such mirror-misconceptions of knowledge, when they thought they had to postulate any 'thing in itself' as a radical 'outside' of the human mind and of its intentional objects. ) Here, too, the transcending, knowing contact with reality which is a necessary moment of knowledge and is given as such in epistemological reflection (as we shall see later) is deemed impossible because some corporeal image (which indeed could never explain the mental transcendence of cognition) silently falsifies one's notion of knowledge.
In this regard, he - and Plato too, who emphasized the knowledge and intellectual vision of the eidos - may be regarded as a forerunner of the epistemological and methodological approach of phenomenology sketched here. The impossibility of accounting for a given being exclusively in terms of its extrinsic efficient and final causes applies even to that type of extrinsic cause which is most closely related to what is in a thing: to the exemplary cause. This unique type of cause, the exemplary cause, contains, in a sense, the whole essence of the being which is analogous to it; and yet it simultaneously transcends in its perfection the being itself which embodies its exemplary cause only imperfectly.
Against Epistemology: A Metacritique by Theodor W. Adorno