By Mary T. Phillips
This quantity grew out of a venture to behavior a survey of the clinical literature of the USA for goods addressing the e. thical and humane problems with animal experimentation. the unique objective of the survey was once to supply packground details for the improvement of a suite of advisor strains for using animals in learn then in education by means of the recent York Academy of Sciences' advert Hoc Committee on Animal examine. ! We quickly discovered, notwithstanding, that the survey constituted a useful source in its personal correct. during this ebook we current the result of the literature survey besides suitable information regarding its legislative and historic con textual content. we are hoping that this fabric can be invaluable to biomedical researchers grappling with animal welfare difficulties in addition to to social scientists attracted to tracing the evolution of the 20th-century section of the animal study controversy. The time span lined through the survey was once chosen to check the 20-year interval among the passage of the 1st federal Animal Welfare Act in 1966 and the latest laws regulating animal study, which took influence in the course of 1986. Our research examines this transitional interval in the course of the pages of the medical literature. in the course of those 2 many years, animal re seek within the usa was once reworked. Activist animal security enterprises catapulted complicated moral inquiries to nationwide promenade inence, throwing the medical community2 into turmoil.
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Extra resources for Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986
The committee must inspect all animal study areas at least twice a year, to assess the condition of the animals and to review practices involving pain to the animals. 2. Provision must be made for the exercising of dogs. 3. Provision must be made for a physical environment adequate to promote the psychological well-being of primates. ) 4. An animal should not be used in more than one major operative experiment from which it is allowed to recover, except in cases of scientific necessity or by determination of the Secretary of Agriculture.
Science 226:321 [AB]; Culliton BJ (1985) HHS halts animal experiment. Science 229:447-448 [AB]. 13 American Physiological Society (1983) APS statements on NIH Guide revisions. Physiol 26,5:273-274 [AB]. 14 American Physiological Society (1983) APS statement on NIH Guide revisions. Physiol 26,3:113-114 [AB]. t5 Dodds JW, Orlans FB (eds) (1982) Scientific perspectives on animal welfare. New York: Academic Press [AB]; Sechzer JA (ed) (1983) The role of animals in biomedical research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol 406.
New York: Free Press, pp 79-83 [AB]. 7 Mazumdar PMH (1978) Antivivisection and medical science in Victorian society [book review]. Bull Hist Med 52,4:601-602 [AB]; Loew FM (1982) Animal experimentation [book review]. Bull Hist Med 56,1:123-126 [AB]. 8 Miller NE (1985) The value of behavioral research on animals. Am Psychol 40,4:423-440 [AB]. 9 Gallistel CR (1981) Bell, Magendie and the proposals to restrict the use of animals in neurobehavioral research. Am Psychol 36,4:357-360 [AB]. I Notes 41 Inglehart JK (1985) Health policy report: The use of animals in research.
Animal Research and Ethical Conflict: An Analysis of the Scientific Literature: 1966–1986 by Mary T. Phillips